Timeline of Events

 

The Cold War Timeline
Significant Events 1945-1989

 

1945-1950

*    The Marshall Plan

*    The Truman Doctrine-policy of containment

*    Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia

*    Berlin Blockade-Airlift

*    Korean Conflict

1951-1955

*    Eisenhower-doctrine of Massive Retaliation

*    3AD activated

*    West Germany enters NATO-doctrine of Forward Defense

*    Formation of the Warsaw Pact

1956-1960

*    3AD deploys to West Germany

*    Hungarian revolution crushed

*    Suez Crisis Alert

*    Lebanon crisis

*    Krushchev demands U.S. troops leave Berlin

*    Castro takes over in Cuba

1961-1965

*    Bay of Pigs

*    Kennedy increases military budgets-presses for doctrine of Flexible Response

*    Berlin border closed-construction of Berlin Wall

*    Cuban Missile Crisis

*    JFK Assassination

*    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution-Vietnam War

1966-1970

*    Vietnam War strips resources from USAREUR

*    Warsaw Pact troops crush Czech revolt

*    NATO adopts Flexible Response Doctrine

*    Willi Brandt’s Ostpolitik-Detente

1971-1975

*    SALT I

*    Nixon resigns

*     Vietnam War ends

1976-1989

*    SALT II

*    Iranian Hostage Crisis

*    Ronald Reagan initiates massive build-up of U.S. Forces

*    Mikhail Gorbachev launches policy of openness in Soviet Union

*    Soviet empire collapses

*    Berlin Wall falls

*    CFE Treaty initiated-planning starts for reduction of conventional forces in Europe